Things needed to whelp bitch
Hints for whelping a bitch.
Suggested - List and Tips for whelping.
When whelping you cannot leave the bitch and go and look for things so it is better to collect them beforehand. Generally about five days before the due date is best in case your bitch whelps early which is quite common..
START TAKING THE BITCHES TEMPERATURE FIVE DAYS BEFORE SHE IS DUE. When it drops to 98’ F .or 36.7 C she is about to start.
Whelping Box…This is most important. It should be 4 (four) foot square. The front should be about one foot high so that the bitch can get in and out easily and it will stop any pups that could be sucking on her from being brought out with her. This can be raised as pups get older and can climb out. The other three sides can be 2 (two ) to 3 (three ) foot high.
It is a very good idea to phone your vet when your bitch starts to whelp and let him know in case there are any problems and he is needed. and keep a phone beside you all the time.
NEVER CUT CORD WITH SCISSORS or the pup may bleed to death. Always tear it apart towards the puppy with your nails. If you let the bitch eat the afterbirth she will have black sloppy poos for several days. If you remove the afterbirth and put it in bin liner (keep one next to whelp box) then she will be normal. When the bitch eats the afterbirth she crunches it in her teeth to separate it from pup and this crushes the cord and keeps it from bleeding from the cord. It is an old wives tale that they have to eat the afterbirth. They do it to keep their "nest" clean in the wild to keep free from preditors.
Give your bitch a drink of whelpi (or goats milk or Royal canine puppy milk) after every 2 or three pups. She will be thirsty.
Put a lead on het after 4 pups and take her to garden and see if she wants to relieve herself.
Offer your bitch some of her usual food about 2 or 3 hours after whelping. If she is off her food then try scrambled eggs if she turns her head away try hand feeding her . If she does not take it then take it away or she may try to move away from the food and pups could be trodden on She may not eat for a wee while. She will not want to leave her pups for a few days. Put her on lead to take her out to relieve herself. Always leave her plenty water and give her two pints of Whelpi a DAY so long as it does not give her the runs. Also four small to medium feeds a day are required for bitches feeding a litter of pups. Especially when it is a large litter. Sometimes she will want a bland diet and will prefer the dog food with no meat added. Often she will eat it dry. We prefer not to feed milky food to her after pups are born as some bitches are allergic to too much lactose and will get runs.
Ask vet to come and give her an oxytocin injection to clear any afterbirths that she may have retained as these can cause your bitches Temperature to raise and she may need an antibiotic if this happens and this is better administered by injection.
1 …Hand towels or old nappies are ideal and much better than big towels to Dry off puppies when born.
2.. Thermometer for temperature of bitch when due to whelp. …..Temp. will fall to 98 degrees F. or 36 .5 Degrees Centigrade.
3.. Heat lamp (and spare bulb ) just above bitches head but off centre.
4.. Clips for umbilical cord or strong thread in case needed to tie off cord. Lakeland bag
clips are quite useful also for this in emergency.
5 *** Puppy Saver from Fit and Fertile. Use as instructed. Very easy to use but cannot be bought in shops you must send for it. Well revive puppies that need help and has colostrum which pups need as soon as they are born. Especially great when mum has no milk or is slow to feed babies.
6***Oxytocin **** Administered by vet when whelp is over to make sure no afterbirths are retained.
7***Antibiotic **** A good idea to be administered by vet in case afterbirths are retained or in case any infection has entered uterus during whelp.
8 …. Scales….to weigh pups.
9 …. Paper and pencil…Keep record of time water breaks, pups are born, whether dog or Bitch, weight and whether you got the afterbirth. Retained afterbirths can cause infection and nasty discharge afterwards.
10.. Flask of warm water to water down WHELPI and so that it is not COLD when you give it to bitch.. Just luke warm. Give drink of milk after every two or three pups.
11 ...Litre bottle of WHELPI mixed up double strength . Then dilute with warm water to give her a drink when needed. She will not want to eat or drink just before whelping. ( Some of ours have been known to take my sandiches off plate though.!!)
12 .. Dog dish for bitches drinking milk when whelping
13 .. Kitchen paper.
14 .. Bin liners….for afterbirths and dirty paper etc.
15 .. Newspaper....a LOT.
16**..PUPPY SAVER as above . You can order from Fit and Fertile about 3 weeks before Bitch is due.
17 .. Flask of tea or coffee or something to drink.!! Water or lemonade or something stronger!!. It can be a long whelp and you cannot go off and make cuppa . It is better to have it all in place and them you can be comfortable.
18 ..TV to watch or book to read ... ..It could be a long whelp..
19 ..Comfy seat preferably right in front of whelping box.
20 ..Phone in case of emergency .
21 ..Clock or watch to record time of birth of each pup. Necessary if there are problems as vet will want to know when last pup was born.
22 ..Scissors....not to be used on cord but you may need them to cut thread if tying cord to stop bleeding
23..Box for pups... put pups in box while bitch is in the process of having another pup.
24 ..Hot water bottle
25 .. Vet Bed, towel or small bit of blanket to wrap hot water bottle . Put pups on wrapped hot water bottle in small box while next pup is being born so that bitch does not tread on it. Then give it back to bitch after birth of next pup. When pups in small box cover COMPLETLY to keep in heat Cold pups will not feed well.
26** HOMEOPATHIC…Pulsitilla in case bitch does not drop milk.***** not always needed.
27 ..After whelp is over clear out whelp box and cover with clean paper.
28 ..Cover plywood sheet with fleece for bitch to lie on. Gripper strip on back will catch the fleece underneath and keep it from wrinkling and pups cannot get under it so the bitch cannot lie on them. The rest of the box is covered with paper.
Ask the breeder of your bitch or stud dog owner (whoever is most experienced) for advice well before pups are due.
29 ..Baby wipes for hands
30 ..Dettox wipes for whelp box.
31..Brandy...this can be given to bitch in milk if she gets very tired after along whelp. You may also like to partake.
32 ..Something to eat. if you get hungry
33 ..Lead to take bitch out to relieve herself between pups or before she whelp as she will try to dig holes under the oil tank, wall, shed, whatever to make a bed for her pups.
34 ..Torch…if she whelps at night and you have to take her to garden to relieve herself then you need to make sure she does not pass a pup so take a towel with you to weap it in.
I PRINT THIS OUT FOR MYSELF AND TICK OFF WHEN READY. THEN i DO NOT MISS ANYTHING.